From the name, we will describe the clear difference between 'long term resident' and 'permanent resident' for those who can't grasp the difference or seem to understand the difference. First of all, regarding "long term residence", the Japanese Ministry of Justice considers admitting those residents who specify their period of stay (a range not exceeding 5 years) due to special reasons. 


As an easy to understand example of the "special reason" mentioned, in the case where a foreign wife (or husband), who was staying in Japan due to the status of residence of having a "Japanese spouse" is divorced or they become deceased and the person wishes to continue to stay in Japan after such event. Although there is a deadline for the period of stay, there is no restriction on the scope of activities conducted in Japan, so you can perform any work. 


Regarding the "permanent resident", this is the status of residence that can be obtained by receiving "permission" from the Japanese Ministry of Justice under the procedure called "application for permanent residence”. Permanent residence" has greater merit, such as unlimited period of stay; (renewals unnecessary), and improved social trustworthiness, unlike the "long term residence" mentioned above. However, not everyone can apply for permission of "permanent resident" since there are a few conditions that must be met in order to be eligible. 


As a general rule, residing in Japan for more than 10 years, have good behavior, a stable income, etc. Also, when you visit Japan, you cannot apply for permanent residence from the beginning of your stay as other prerequisites of that status of residence is required. As with long term residence, there is no limit to the scope of activities.